Open access ophthalmology, optometry, and vision journals.

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Updated Aug 2, 104: This table is the web’s most complete list of open-access ophthalmology, optometry, and vision science journals. Journals are categorized by language, impact factor,whether they are Medline-indexed, available in PubMedCentral, require author processing fees, and other facts. NEWS AND UPDATES AT BOTTOM OF PAGE.

UPDATED AUGUST 2, 2014: Christopher T. Leffler, MD, MPH. Scientists want their findings to be widely known through publication. The conventional wisdom in academia is that one wants to publish in the journal with the highest impact factor, which is based on the number of citations the average article in the journal receives. Traditionally, the journals with the highest impact factor were likely to have the highest distribution and the widest availability. Today, the internet has turned this situation on its head, because anyone can publish anything to a worldwide audience instantaneously. The open access internet is the platform with the widest availability. As of this writing, in March 2011, there are estimated to be 6.9 billion people on our planet, and 2.0 billion are estimated to have internet access. This number is exploding with the introduction of smartphones. No academic journal has adistribution close to this. But in order to help people findyour work amid all the clutter of the internet, it helps to have it in an academic journal pointed to by Medline, and it still doesn’t hurt if the journal has a high impact factor. The ideal journal would be Medline-indexed, archived in PubmedCentral, with no author processing fees, available immediately, in full-text html (as opposed to just pdf format), with a high impact factor. Here are some open-access journals of interest in ophthalmology, optometry, and vision science. The table lists English-language journals free for the author, followed by those for which the author pays, and then journals not permitting English articles. Within each section, the highest-impact journals are listed first, followed by Pubmedcentral journals, followed by Medline-indexed journals, and then non-Medline-indexed journals.

Journal Title. Medline-indexed? In Pubmed Central? Free for author? Notes:
****FREE FOR AUTHOR***
JAMA Ophthalmology Yes No Yes 1 year delay before open access. Impact factor 3.71 in 2012.
Acta Ophthalmologica Yes No Yes. Can pay to unlock immediately. 1 year delay before open access. Impact factor 2.63 in 2012.
Molecular Vision Yes Yes Yes ARVO. Impact factor 2.21 in 2012.
Eye (London) Yes Yes Yes 1-2 year delay before open access.Impact factor 1.85 in 2012.
Optometry and Vision Science Yes No Yes 1 year delay for open access. Impact factor 2.11 in 2012.
Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology Yes No Yes 1 year delay for open access. pdf format only. Impact factor 1.45 in 2012.
Clinical and Experimental Optometry Yes No Yes 2 year delaybefore open access. Impact factor 1.05 in 2012.
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes Yes Gives hit counts on website. Impact factor 1.02 in 2012.
Digital Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes Yes
Community Eye Health Journal Yes Yes Yes Educational articles on the developing world. Not peer-reviewed original research.
Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes Yes
Oman Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes Yes
Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research Yes Yes Yes English. Iran. Peer-reviewed original research.
Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology Yes. Yes. Yes. Saudi Ophthalmological Society.
Journal of Optometry Yes Yes Yes English. Spanish General Council of Optometrists.
Bulletin of the Belgian Society of Ophthalmology Yes No Yes? English or French. pdf format.
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia Yes No Yes English or Portuguese
Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology Yes No Yes
Not In Medline:
Optometry and Visual Performance No No Yes Optometric Extension Program Foundation.
U.S. Internet Scientific Publications.
Journal of Academic Ophthalmology No No Yes Does have peer-reviewed original research on resident training, policies, etc.
Journal of Behavioral Optometry No No Yes Peer-reviewed original research.Looks legitimate.
The South African Optometrist No No Yes Peer-reviewed original research.
Journal of Ophthalmic Photography No No Yes pdf downloads. Peer-reviewed original research.
Optometric Education No No Yes U.S. Assoc Schools and Colleges Optometry.Peer-reviewed original research.
Optometry and Vision Development No No Yes College of Optometrists and Vision Development.Peer-reviewed original research. Vision therapy and rehabilitation
Online Journals of Ophthalmology No No Yes English or German. Peer-reviewed original research.
Iranian Journal of Ophthalmology No No Yes English. Peer-reviewed original research.
GMS Ophthalmology Cases No No Yes Launched Sep 2011. Published by “German Medical Science”, the portal of the Assoc of Scientific Medical Societies.
Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology No No Yes
NO PEER-REVIEWED ORIGINAL RESEARCH.
Review of Ophthalmology No No Yes news/reviews
Ophthalmology Times No No Yes news/reviews.
Eye World No No Yes news/reviews. Am Soc Cat Refract Surg.
Ocular Surgery News No No Yes news/reviews.
Cataract and Refractive Surgery Today No No Yes news/reviews.
Refractive Eyecare No No Yes news/reviews.
Ophthalmology Management No No Yes news/reviews.
Review of Optometry No No Yes news/reviews.
Optometric Management No No Yes news/reviews.
Contact Lens Spectrum No No Yes news/reviews
Optometry Today No No Yes news/reviews
Primary Care Optometry News No No Yes news/reviews.
Eyecare Business No No Yes news/reviews
Baltic Eye No No Yes Mostly news/reviews. Some research.
***AUTHOR PAYS***
PLoS One Yes Yes No Impact factor 4.35!
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Yes No No 1 year delay before open access. Impact factor 3.60 in 2012.
Journal of Vision Yes No No, $85/page U.S., ARVO. Impact factor 3.38 in 2012.
British Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes No. $2200 to make article open access. Impact Factor 2.90 in 2012
Graefe’s Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology Yes No. No. Must pay to unlock. Impact Factor 2.17 in 2012. Springer.
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics Yes. No. No. Hybrid Journal: Open access costs $3000 for first article, $2000 for subsequent. Published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Journal ofthe Association of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Impact Factor 1.51 in 2012.
BMC Ophthalmology Yes Yes No Author gets hit counts. Impact factor 1.00 in 2012.
Ophthalmologica Yes No No. Hybrid Journal: Open access costs $3000 for first article, $2000 for subsequent. Published by Karger. Impact factor 1.42 in 2012.
Ophthalmic Research Yes No No. Hybrid Journal: Open access costs “CHF 3,000 (Swiss Francs)”=about $2600 USD today. Published by Karger. Impact factor 1.56 in 2012.
Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics Yes. No. No. Hybrid Journal. Costs $3000 for open access. Impact factor 1.58 in 2012.
International Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes No. $700 USD as of Aug. 2014 “depending on the quality of the article”, per the editor. From China. Articles published in both English and Chinese.
Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection Yes. Yes. No. $1600.
Journal of Ocular Biology Diseases and Informatics Yes Yes Presumably unlocking article carries an author fee. Website unclear.
Case Reports in Ophthalmology Yes Yes No. $730/case report (Sep 2013).
Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, NZ) Yes Yes No. $1865/article (Sep 2013).
Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes No. $1500/research or review article (Sep 2013). U.S., Hindawi Publishing.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes No? Unclear to me from their website.
Open Ophthalmology Journal Yes Yes No. $800/research article. $900/review (Sep 2013). U.S., Bentham.
Ophthalmology and Eye Diseases Yes. Yes. No. New Zealand, Libertas Academia.
Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine. Yes. Yes. No, $300 per case report. Hindawi Publishing.
ISRN Ophthalmology Yes. Yes. No. $500 per article. Hindawi Publishing.
Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology (MEHDI). Yes. Yes. No. Iran.
Ophthalmology and Therapy. Yes. Yes. No. $260 per page. Springer.
Seminars in Ophthalmology Yes No No. Must pay to unlock. Web site doesn’t list price. InformaHealthcare is publisher.
Strabismus Yes No. No. Must pay to unlock. Web site doesn’t list price. InformaHealthcare is publisher.
Visual Neuroscience Yes No No. Hybrid journal–costs $2700 for open access. They do allow you to post on your own website for free. Cambridge University press is publisher.
International Ophthalmology Yes No No. Must pay to unlock. Springer.
Not In Medline:
Internet Journal of Ophthalmology and Visual Science No No No. $275 charge to author if accepted (as of Aug 2014). Lower than most other journals.
World Journal of Ophthalmology No. No. No. $600 US. Chinese publisher, but international editorial board.
Clinical Optometry No No No Dovepress
Eye and Brain No No No Dovepress
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology No No No U.S. Omics Publishing Group.
Eye Reports No No No Brand new, as of March 14, 2011.
***SPANISH JOURNALS:****
Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia Yes No Yes Spanish-only.
Revista Mexicana de Oftalmologia No No Yes Spanish-only.
Revista Cubana de Oftalmologia No No Yes Spanish-only.
Annals de Oftalmologia No No Yes Spanish-only.
Archivos de la Sociedad Canaria de Oftalmologia No No Yes Spanish-only.
Boletin de la Sociedad Oftalmologica de Madrid No No Yes Spanish-only.
Oftalmologia Clinica y Experimental No No Yes. Spanish-only. From Argentina.
Gaceta de Optometria No No Yes Spanish-only.
Oftalmologica Santa Lucia No No Yes Spanish-only.
***FRENCH JOURNALS:**** Also see: Bulletin Societe Belge Ophthalmologia in English/bilingual section.
Journal Francais d’Ophtalmologie Yes No Yes French-only. 2 year delay before open access.
***PORTUGUESE JOURNALS:*** Also see: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologiain English/bilingual section.
Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia No No No Portuguese-only.
***GERMAN JOURNALS:*** Also see: Online Journals of Ophthalmologyin English/bilingual section.
Euro Focus Net-News No No Yes German-only. News/Reviews. No peer-reviewed original research.
***OTHER LANGUAGES:***
International Journal of Ophthalmology Yes Yes No. $700USD as of Aug 2014 “depending on the quality of the article.” From China. Articles in both English and Chinese.
Turkish Journal ofOphthalmology No No Yes Turkish-only. Peer-reviewed original research.
Oftal’mohirugia No No Yes Russian only. Russian Society of Ophthalmologists.
Bina Journal of Ophthalmology No No Yes Farsi only. Iran. pdf only.

Some journals, such as BMC Ophthalmology, permit institutional memberships. So if your university has a membership, submission would be discounted. If your vision-related paper overlaps with another field, you may also consider publishing in that field, as well (e.g. a paper on diabetic retinopathy might be publishable in a diabetes journal or a public health journal). You can find these journals by looking at the website “Directory of Open Access Journals,” pubmedcentral, or, if you’ve really got time on your hands, searching through all the journal titles in pubmed.org. Good luck! Notes/News: May 6, 2011. The Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology used to be open access pdf, with free author submission. However, it now looks like they are going to non-open access for full-text downloads outside of Canada in Sep 2011. So I have removed them from the above list. If you have any information on this, put it in the comment box below. July 3, 2011. ISRN Ophthalmololgy (see link in table above) is newly launching from Hindawi publishing. As a new journal, they are not charging author submission fees. I assume this will eventually change. July 11, 2011. I added the Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection, which has been publishing since 2010. July 20, 2011. Journal of Ophthalmology running special issue on “Challenging cataracts, including pediatric cataracts” with deadline for article submission of Aug 15, 2011. September, 19, 2011.The Open Journal of Ophthalmology islooking for Editorial Board members to serve initial one-year terms (three-years for editor-in-chief).Send your questions or application (including yourresearch areasandresume) to ojoph@scirp.org. October 20, 2011. GMS Ophthalmology Cases is a new journal. See the table above. October 31, 2011. Case Reports in OphthalmologicalMedicine is a new journal. See the table above. November 21, 2011. The special issue “Chronic Migraine,”will be published in Headache Research and Treatment in July 2012. Deadline for submission: January 13th, 2012.December 5, 2011. The Journal of Ophthalmology is doing aspecial issue on eye trauma. (Disclosure: I am the lead Guest Editor.) The deadline for submission is March 16, 2012, with papers to be published in August of 2012. We are looking for papers addressing advances as well as clinical controversies. In addition to the topics listed in the call for papers (nonaccidental trauma in children (How do we really know if these hemorrhages are nonaccidental?), hyphema in sickle cell (Are the current guidelines based on solid evidence?), OCT in trauma, intravitreal antibiotics with posterior segment foreign bodies, when to give up on NLP eyes, what steps are truly needed and proven to reduce the risk of sympathetic ophthalmia, etc.) we are also interested in orbital fractures (Will strabismus usually get better without orbital surgery, or should fractures be repaired promptly?), chemical eye injury, traumatic optic neuropathy, and other eye trauma subjects.December 16, 2011. W. Daniel Stamer will be taking on the role of J Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics in Jan 2012. April 11, 2012. The Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research is now in Medline and in Pubmedcentral.Eye (London) is now in Pubmedcentral.Pakistan Journal of Ophthalmology added to table.ISRN Ophthalmology and Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine are now charging for publication. September 1, 2012. International Journal of Ophthalmology is a journal from China, published in both Chinese and English, which is in Medline and Pubmedcentral. Also added the Internet Journal of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, which charges $225–less than most journals. April 5, 2013: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology now in pubmedcentral. Does not have publication charges. August 2, 2014: Numerous additions were made. Note Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology is now in pubmedcentral! Amazingly, the Middle Eastern and South Asian countries have a huge number of journals in pubmedcentral and Medline, and are free to submit to. These are the Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology, Indian Journal of Ophthalmology, Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology, Oman Journal of Ophthalmology, and the Journal of Ophthalmic and Vision Research (Iran). So these countries are proving that this model can work. The American and European ophthalmologic societies and countries need to catch up with what they are doing in the Middle East. I encourage ophthalmologists to provide good peer-review for these open access journals. [The above table may have mistakes. If you spot any mistakes,put a comment below or email me. Christopher Leffler.]

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